Symptoms of Juvenile Arthritis in children under the age of 16 are seen in the form of joint pain and swelling. This is usually due to genetic and environmental factors. What are the important things to know, Dr. Romesh Virmani
The problem of arthritis in children is called juvenile arthritis. It is a common type of musculoskeletal problem, which affects children under the age of 16 years. In this condition, the immune system present in the child’s body starts attacking its healthy cells. This may be due to some genetic and environmental factors.
Symptoms Of This Disease
In this condition, one joint of the child or several other joints may be affected. There is constant pain in the joints, there is a feeling of stiffness. Especially, this happens in the morning or after sitting for a long time. Swelling causes red or pinkish rashes on the skin, chest, fever, swollen lymph nodes, problems with movement, and weakness are among its main symptoms. If left untreated, eye inflammation, cataracts, glaucoma, and even blindness can occur. Bone growth is also hindered.
How To Manage
- Taking the medication on time: Initially non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are given to reduce pain and swelling.
- Exercise: Exercise keeps the joints active and flexible. The weight remains under control. Get good sleep and reduce stress. Swimming, cycling, yoga, and stretching are great exercises. Isometric exercises strengthen the muscles without putting pressure on the joints. These include planks, squats, wall sit, and leg extension. Isotonic exercise increases the mobility of muscles and joints. These include aerobic dancing, swimming, and walking.
- Cold and Hot Pack: It provides relief, especially in morning pain and swelling. Get enough rest too.
- Balanced diet: Feed foods rich in vitamin D and fiber. Reduce the use of sugar. Eat fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. (The author is Senior Orthopedist at Medanta Hospital)
Courtesy Hindustan News Paper